Kuwait is a country located in the Middle East on the northeast Arabian Peninsula. It borders the Persian Gulf, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia. The flat, sandy Arabian Desert covers most of Kuwait. The government system is a constitutional emirate; the chief of state is the emir or sheikh, and the head of government is the prime minister. Kuwait has a mixed economic system which includes a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation. Kuwait is a member of the League of Arab States (Arab League) and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).